THE PUNJAB SIKH ANAND KARAJ MARRIAGE ACT
(Act VI of 2018)
An Act to provide for solemnization and registration of Sikh
It is necessary to make provisions to regulate Sikh marriages
commonly known as Anand Karaj;
Be it enacted by Provincial Assembly of the Punjab as
(2) It extends to whole of the Punjab.
(3) It shall come into force at once.
2. Definitions.- In this Act:
means the Punjab Sikh Anand Karaj Marriage Act 2018;
Karaj" means the lawful union of a Sikh male and a Sikh female
solemnized under the Act and conducted in accordance with the
practices of the Sikh religion, where the four laavaan, permitted
in the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, are recited;
Karaj Certificate" means the certificate of a marriage issued by
the Anand Karaj Registrar;
means the Chairman of a Union Council or Municipal Committee or any
officer authorized by the Government to perform the functions of
the Chairman under the Act;
"Government" means Government of the Punjab;
"Granthi" means a Sikh who recites the Guru Granth Sahib and
solemnizes a marriage between Sikhs;
"prescribed" means prescribed by rules;
(h) "Sikh" means
a person who follows Sikh religion as a monotheistic Sikh religion
and believes in the scriptures of Guru Granth Sahib and does not
subscribe to any other religion; and
"Sikh religion" means the belief in Akalpurakh (One Eternal Being),
the ten Gurus from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh and the
acceptance of Guru Granth Sahib as the Eternal-Living Guru.
3. Solemnization of Anand Karaj.- (1) A Sikh male
and a Sikh female may contract a marriage in accordance with Sikh
religion, if the parties to the marriage:
(a) are of sound mind
and not below the age of eighteen years;
(b) enter into
marriage contract with their free and full consent; and
(c) are not related to
each other in any degree of consanguinity or affinity which,
according to the customary law of Sikhs, renders the marriage
between them unlawful.
(2) Nothing in the Act shall be deemed to validate any
marriage between the persons who are related to each other in any
degree of consanguinity or affinity which would, according to the
customary law of Sikhs render a marriage between them illegal.
4. Saving of marriages.- Nothing in the Act
shall affect the validity of any marriage duly solemnized according
to any other marriage ceremony customary among the Sikhs.
5. Registration of marriages.- (1) Every
marriage between Sikhs shall be registered under the Act.
(2) For purposes of the
registration of the marriages under the Act, the Government, in the
prescribed manner, shall grant license to one or more persons
professing Sikh religion to be called Anand Karaj Registrar
authorizing them to grant Anand Karaj Certificate.
(3) The bridegroom and the
bride or a Granthi shall fill the Anand Karaj Form and present it,
within thirty days of the marriage, to the Anand Karaj Registrar
for registration of the marriage and a copy thereof shall be sent
to the Chairman.
(4) The parties to the
marriage or the Granthi or any other person who solemnizes Anand
Karaj shall accurately fill all the columns of the Anand Karaj
(5) On receipt of the Anand
Karaj Form, the Anand Karaj Registrar, having been satisfied that
the marriage has been duly solemnized under the Act, shall register
the marriage and issue the Anand Karaj Certificate.
(6) A marriage which is not
solemnized by the Anand Karaj Registrar shall, for the purpose of
registration under the Act, be reported, within thirty days of the
solemnization of the marriage, to him by the Granthi or the person
who solemnized the marriage.
(7) The Anand Karaj Form,
the register to be maintained by the Anand Karaj Registrar, the
records to be preserved by a Union Council, the manner in which the
Anand Karaj shall be registered, supply of the copies of Anand
Karaj Certificate and the fees to be charged therefor shall be such
as may be prescribed.
(8) Whoever contravenes the
provisions of this section shall be punished, in the prescribed
manner, with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees.
6. Dissolution of marriage.- (1) Any party that
wishes to dissolve the marriage shall give to the Chairman, notice
in writing of his or her intention to do so and shall supply a copy
thereof to the other party.
(2) Within thirty days of
the receipt of the notice under subsection (1), the Chairman shall
constitute an Arbitration Council in the prescribed manner for the
purpose of bringing about reconciliation between them and the
Council shall take all steps necessary to that effect.
(3) If the reconciliation
is not effected within ninety days from the date of the notice, the
Chairman shall, after the lapse of the ninety days, declare the
marriage to have been dissolved and issue the Certificate of the
Dissolution of Marriage in the prescribed manner.
7. Power to make rules.- The Government may, by
notification in the official Gazette, make rules to carry out the
purposes of the Act.
8. Overriding effect.-Notwithstanding anything
contained in any other law for the time being in force, the
provisions of this Act shall have effect.
9. Repeal and savings.- (1) The Anand Marriage Act,
1909 (VII of 1909), in its application to the Province of Punjab,
is hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding the
repeal of the said Act, anything done, action taken, rules or
orders made under the repealed Act, shall, so far they are not
inconsistent with the provisions of the Act, be deemed to have been
done, taken, made or issued under the Act and shall have effect
(3) Any document referring
to the repealed Act shall be construed as referring to the
corresponding provisions of the Act.